Buddha Weekly: Buddhist Practices, Mindfulness, Meditation

No time for daily Buddhist practice? Chant a mantra; a complete meditation and practice in a few precious syllables: protection for the mind — all of Dharma in one mantra.

There are times when daily life conspires to push aside our good intentions to meditate, or to make offerings to the Three Jewels, or — for some of us — fulfil our daily commitment to practice sadhana.

H.E. Zasep Rinpoche, spiritual head of Gaden for the West.

Concerned that I wasn’t fulfilling my practice commitment, I once asked H.E. Zasep Rinpoche what do do at these times? He said, simply,

“You have time for mantras, don’t you?”

He laughed and went on to explain how he’s always on an airplane headed to some teaching engagement or another, but he is able to do his practices from the uncomfortable economy-class seat. He then instructed me to make sure I at least chanted the mantras of my meditational deities (Yidams) daily — even if it meant chanting mantras in every spare moment: on the commute to work, while driving in stop-and-go traffic, while fixing the fence,  even when grabbing a coffee to go. (Caution: pay attention to the road and hammer!)

Bringing the mantras into your “daily life” is especially powerful. Mingyur Rinpoche, in a talk “I’m too lazy to start a meditation practice” said [See Mingyur Rinpoche’s short teaching video below.][3],

Mingyur RInpoche in front of giant temple prayer wheels filled with millions of mantras.

“Try to join your spiritual life and your daily life together. That’s the best!” Chanting mantras during  daily activities is one way to do this.  He also coaches us to meditate and do mantras anywhere, while watching TV, standing up, sitting down, driving to work. “For example, if you are in the train, subway, you can meditate while you’re standing up!”

H.E. Garchen Rinpoche — mantra wheel in hand

No where is this better exemplified than in the example of His Eminence Garchen Rinpoche. He is rarely seen without a mantra wheel in his hand, spinning constantly even as he teaches, walks, travels, chats. A mantra wheel, or mani wheel, is a prayer wheel containing millions of mantas. You spin the wheel to symbolically send millions of mantras out to the world to benefit all sentient beings. His Eminence, at the age of 22, was imprisoned for 20 years after the Cultural Revolution. In the labour camp, one had to practice secretly, or face punishment — and mantra is ready-made for secret and silent practice. He is known for his vast compassion.

 

“There are some practitioners who have a strong aspiration to engage in practice and although they really want to practice, due to some karmas they have accumulated in the past, they have not the opportunity to practice and they are under the power of someone else and so they cannot practice. For them it becomes very important to look for skillful means to engage in practices.”

He gives the example of mantra and prayer wheels. [2] [For a feature story on Prayer Wheels see “Wheel of Dharma: Why Prayer Wheels May be the Ideal Buddhist Practice for Busy People”>>]

Mantra — “mind method”

Geshe Tsultim Gyeltsen wrote, in a commentary on Heart Sutra [1]:

“In both sutra and tantra, the word mantra has the same connotation  — protecting the mind.”

Mantra literally translates “mind vehicle” — “man” meaning mind and “tra” meaning method or instrument. It is, literally, “mind instrument” or “mind method.” Some teachers translate “Man” as mind and “tra” as protection. The way of mantra is called Mantrayana; “Yana” means vehicle. In Buddhism, vehicles are “methods” and practices: sutra vehicle, tantra vehicle, mantra vehicle (mind method vehicle.)

 

Kyabje Lama Zopa Rinpoche teaching.

 

Kyabje Lama Zopa Rinpoche explained the meaning of mantra in Nyung-na Teachings at Lawudo:

Mantra literally means “guarding the mind.”

“The meaning of mantra is “guarding the mind.” Guarding it from what? From clinging, or attachment, and the view of this life.

“It means guarding the mind from attachment, the view of this life, and the three lower realms. It means guarding the mind from the whole suffering realm of samsara, which means all six realms, and from seeking and being bound to the blissful state of peace for self. It guards the mind, or in other words, it guards oneself. It means the same thing. It is related to guarding the mind but it means guarding you from all these problems and from binding yourself to the blissful state of peace. It also guards your mind from the impression of the subtle dualistic view, or she-drib, which is another name for obscurations to the objects of knowledge. The ignorance that believes in self-existence causes things to appear as truly existent.”

Aside from protection it can be said that mantra also “fortifies” our mind.  How? It helps us purify our minds by focusing on pure Dharma. It helps us remain mindful (right concentration) —in this case mindful of the sounds of the mantra, and any visualization that goes along with it. It engages our mind at a profound level — its effect well supported in peer-reviewed study after study. (In some studies, for example, mantra and visualization practices are beneficial to people suffering from cognitive decline. See “Science of Medication: Peer reviewed studies prove…”)

 

Mantras and meditation can be done almost anywhere. Mingyur Rinpoche coaches us to at least do a few seconds or minutes of meditation at a time, instead of waiting for that long session that never comes.

 

Mantra and physiotherapy

Pain can be reduced through mindfulness meditation according to research studies. I’ve also found mantra to be very effective. Sometimes mindfulness draws more attention to the pain. Mantra focuses the mind away from the pain, and engages our own minds in healing.

I have my own first hand experience with the power of mantras — as cited in these peer-reviewed studies. I had to undergo recovery physiotherapy. The pain was intense; almost impossible to bear. I found that mindfulness meditation didn’t reduce pain for me — it made me pay more attention to it. Mantra, on the other hand, particularly, in my case Medicine Buddha Mantra, actually reduced the intense pain of my ordeal.

Yes, I still felt the pain, but by focusing on the mantra, I noticed the pain less, and — in time — I felt that the mantras did more than make pain bearable; it sped up the process of healing for me. From my own experience, I’ve also found that mantras dramatically reduce fear — for example, during air turbulence on a nasty flight. Is it psychologic benefit, therefore all in the mind? Yes, of course. Mantra literally is “mind vehicle.” But mind, naturally, has dominion over body.

Mantra: essence practice

At the same time, it is taught that mantra is the “essence of the Enlightened Body, Speech and Mind.” When we chant the Chenrezig (Avalokiteshvara, Guanyin) mantra Om Mani Padme Hum, we are invoking the compassionate energy — Enlightened Body, Speech and Mind — of Chenrezig. Even if we don’t speak the mantra — for example if we spin a prayer wheel with the mantra, or simply mentally chant the mantra — the essence is the same.

 

 

This concept of “sound essence” is not unique to Buddhism. Mantra began with ancient Vedic beliefs, widened expansively in Hinduism and Buddhism, and is also found in other spiritual paths; for example, a Catholic, chanting “Hail Mary” with a rosary might invoke a similar effect — focusing the mind on what Holy Mary represents.

 

Any intense activity can be meditative and spiritual

In one of our earliest stories at Buddha Weekly, our guest contributor, Sonic Mike, used skateboarding as his form of active Buddhist meditation. He achieves mindful concentration and peace, even moments of enlightenment, from repeated skilled activities, in the same way Shaolin monks use martial arts. The original story is here>>

 

Mantra — not an excuse for laziness

 

It is this “essence” that makes mantra a valid “stand in” for daily Buddhist practice. No teacher advocates laziness, or “skipping practice” by simply chanting a few mantras. It’s just that, as Zasep Rinpoche said, there is no excuse for not practicing because “you have time for mantras, don’t you?” But, in those times where you genuinely have no time or alternative, mantra is the go-to practice for many of us.

Mingyur Rinpoche on “I’m too lazy to start a meditation practice”:

Brand mantra — a stolen concept is a good one

This “essence” idea is, conceptually, why marketers use the term “Brand Mantra.” I don’t point this out to diminish the value of spiritual mantra, but simply to illustrate “essence.” Marketing and advertising tends to borrow spiritual terms a lot; in co-opting the spiritual term, they are saying “the essence of the brand, it’s Brand Mantra, is X.” Usually, this is five words or less, a slogan: “The Real Thing” for Coke, “Ultimate Driving Machine” for BMW, “Homemade Made Easy” for Betty Crocker.

Mantra, in Buddhist practice, is far more profound. It literally empowers and impacts the mind at a far deeper level than even the catchiest marketing slogan. It literally is the essence of the deities essence. The essence of the essence? Literally. Om Mani Padme Hum is the essence of Avalokiteshvara; the essence of Avalokiteshvara is compassion for all sentient beings. By chanting “Om Mani Padme Hum” we are using our mind vehicle to activate compassion for all sentient beings.

 

Heart Sutra is an “essence of wisdom” sutra. The Heart Sutra Mantra contains the essence of this wisdom.

 

 

Mantra is a complete practice?

 

So, one all-embracing definition of mantra is “essence of…” Essence of what? In various commentaries on the Heart Sutra, it is stated that the mantra Om Gate Gate Paragate Para Samgate Bodhi Soha is “the essence of the entire Heart Sutra.” [For a teacher commentary on Heart Sutra, please see “Video: Commentary on Heart Sutra”  and this written commentary on Heart Sutra.  ]

In the Heart Sutra is written:

“Therefore, the mantra of the perfection of wisdom, the mantra of great knowledge, the unsurpassed mantra, the mantra equal to the unequaled, the mantra that thoroughly pacifies all suffering, should be known as truth since it is not false. The mantra of the perfection of wisdom is declared:

TADYATHA [OM] GATE GATE PARAGATE PARASAMGATE BODHI SVAHA

“Shariputra, the bodhisattva mahasattva should train in the profound perfection of wisdom like that.”

 

 

Mantra — the simplest of practices, the most complete of practices

 

Mantra is — at the same time —the simplest essence of practices and the most complete of practices. Whether we treat mantra as a meditation practice, a commitment practice, a prayer, an aspiration, a purifying phrase, a mindfulness exercise, a healing wish, a desperate call for protection, or even as a lucky chant, it is clear that mantra is all things. It is, in essence, the complete package.

Mantra is said to be the Enlightened Mind and Body, as Enlightened Speech. Speech always has that “power.” We can visualize and comprehend all things from words.

 

Garchen Rinpoche with his famous prayer wheel. The prayer wheel is typically filled wih millions of written mantras, usually the compassion mantra, or Mani Mantra, Om Mani Padme Hum. The compassion of Garchen Rinpoche is world-renowned.

 

Dharma and “words” most important Jewel?

 

Praising the Three Jewels.

Of the three Jewels in Buddhism — Buddha, Dharma and Sangha — the Dharma is always considered the most important. Why? Buddha taught the Dharma, and is world-honoured and respected for that. In the Buddhist analogy, Buddha is the Doctor who prescribed the cure for our suffering.

The Dharma, however, is the actual cure. Long after Buddha has “gone beyond” — “gone beyond is the literal translation of “Paragate” in the Heart Sutra — he left behind the universal cure to our suffering: the eight noble truths and his other teachings. The Dharma in all its wondrous forms: Sutra, Tantra and Commentary. And, Dharma are “words” just as Mantra are sounds. Mantra (sounds) are the essence of Dharma (words.

The final Jewel, the Sangha, is the “nurse” in our cure analogy. The Sangha are our supportive network of Bodhisattvas who help us on our quest to free all sentient beings from suffering. Vital support, wonderful support, but the Dharma is still the essence of the path. It is the Dharma that Buddha (the first Jewel) proclaimed, and it is the Dharma that the Sangha (the third Jewel) try to practice.

Mantra and words capture the essence of all

 

In John 1:1, the scripture says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

This is a very Buddhist concept as well — in fact common to all spiritual paths — that sound and vibration are the beginning and essence of all. Aum (OM) is the most famous of mantras, and it forms the root of all mantras. It comes from ancient pre-Hindu spirituality, and is now common to many faiths. Some scholars even claim Amen is derived from Aum. (I won’t cite sources on this, it’s not that critical; it was just interesting to note, in passing.)

 

When you briefly close your eyes and do silent mantras or meditaitons in the office, you are suddenly in a different place.

 

So, it can be said, that mantra, even the simplest mantra, contains the essence of all Dharma.

Kyabje Zopa Rinpoche explains mantra as Dharma:

“Secret mantra is not only to guard your mind; it has many functions and benefits. Even the three-syllable mantra, OM AH HUM, or just one syllable has all these powers. For instance, the six-syllable mantra OM MANI PADME HUM, contains the whole path, the whole Dharma. There is not a single Dharma that is not contained in that mantra. MANI is method and PADME is wisdom.

“The whole path to enlightenment is divided into method and wisdom, so that is contained within this mantra. MANI refers to all the method and PADME to all the wisdom that enable you to achieve enlightenment. Somebody who knows the meaning of the mantra can recite this mantra one time and remember the whole path. In the short time it takes to hear this mantra you are reminded of the whole path to enlightenment and all the qualities of a buddha. It is said in the teachings to recite the six-syllable mantra, which is the essence of the whole Dharma.”

 

Garchen Rinpoche with his ever-present mani (mantra) prayer wheel.

 

NOTES:
[1]  Mirror of Wisdom by Geshe Tsultim Gyeltsen.
[2] H.E. Garchen Rinpoche Guru Yoga Teachings 2009 at Garchen Institute.
[3] “I’m too lazy to start a meditation practice” video teaching with Mingyur Rinpoche (video above.)
[4] Nyung-na Teachings at Lawudo by Kyabje Lama Zopa Rinpoche

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Lee Kane, Editor

Author | Buddha Weekly

Lee Kane is the editor of Buddha Weekly, since 2007. His main focuses as a writer are mindfulness techniques, meditation, Dharma and Sutra commentaries, Buddhist practices, international perspectives and traditions, Vajrayana, Mahayana, Zen. He also covers various events.
Lee also contributes as a writer to various other online magazines and blogs.

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