Dharma Days 2022: auspicious lunar practice dates: all Buddha days, Tsog, and Puja days

Eclipses and full moons are the most important days in Buddhist practice. This is almost the complete opposite of some other traditions where both full moons and eclipses are considered unlucky.

On the full moon of the fourth month of the lunar year, we celebrate Buddha’s Birthday — this year on May 16.

For a devout Buddhist practitioner, on full moon each month, we practice our most important Pujas. If we practice only once a month, the full moon day is considered the most important and auspicious. Eclipses are especially meritorious, with the merit multiplied almost infinitely.

Special Days 2022

Most special days in Buddhist Practices tend to align on lunar calendars. Buddha’s birthday, for example, varies on the Western calendar year-to-year. Losar, or Tibetan New Year, is celebrated on the Lunar calendar. The most important days of the entire year are typically the “Buddha Days” at the beginning of the year, starting on Lunar New Year and continuing for 15 days — often called the 15 Days of Miracles.

According to Lama Zopa Rinpoche, based on the Vinaya text Treasure of Quotations and Logic, “karmic results are multiplied one hundred million times.”

  • 2022 is the YEAR OF THE WATER TIGER— 2149 on the Tibetan Calendar.
Buddha Weekly Sensoji is an ancient Buddhist temple with full moon at night in Asakusa Tokyo dreamstime l 174639195 Buddhism

Full moon at night in Asakusa Tokyo, Japan.

 

Whether you take that as literal — many of us do — or symbolic of the importance of these days, it is auspicious for Buddhist practitioners to honor the special days.

 

Buddha Weekly Chiang Mai Thailand Buddhist monk preparing space temple Loi krathong festival Buddhism

Chiang Mai Thailand Buddhist monk preparing space temple Loi krathong festival.

 

Lunar Recurring Days

Here, we’ll cover the special days for 2021. They break down into categories:

  • Buddha Days:
    • 15 Days of Miracles — and especially the 15th Day of the Lunar first month, which is “the Day of Miracles”
    • Lord Buddha’s Birth, Enlightenment and Paranirvana: celebrated on the 15th lunar day of the 4th lunar month
    • Lord Buddha’s First Teaching: 4th day of the 6th lunar month
    • Lord Buddha’s Descent from the God Realm of Thirty Three: day 22 of lunar month 9.
  • Eclipse Days: considered auspicious with “karmic results are multiplied by one hundred million on solar eclipses and by seven million on lunar” according to Lama Zopa Rinpoche.
  • Full Moon Days: auspicious for practice and special to both Tara and Medicine Buddha (Pujas encouraged.)
  • Medicine Buddha Puja Days: 8th and/or 15th of every lunar month
  • New Moon Days: auspicious for practice, and also for Naga Pujas.
  • Protector Puja: once a month pujas for the Dharma Protectors on the 29th of every lunar month.
  • Guru Rinpoche Day: each month on the 10th day of the lunar month, corresponding with Tsog (see below.)
  • Tsog (Tsok) Days: on the 10th and 25th of every lunar month, a festive offering for: “Those who have received an initiation into Highest Yoga Tantra have a commitment to perform tsog” — according to Lama Zopa Rinpoche. These break down into:
    • Daka (Hero) Tsog: 10th day of the lunar month
    • Dakini (Heroine or Yogini) Tsog: 25th day of the lunar month.

The most common lunar recurring dates in Vajrayana Buddhism (Tsog, Tara and Medicine Buddha recurring days), transferred to the western calendar are:

Lunar Calendar 2022

MONTH

DAKIKI TSOG

DAKA TSOG/GURU RINPOCHE

TARA DAYS

MEDICINE BUDDHA DAY

January

January 27, 2022

January12, 2022

January 10, 2022 January 17, 2022

February

February 26, 2022

February 11, 2022

February 8, 2022

February 16, 2022

March

March 27, 2022

March 12, 2022

March 10, 2022

March 18, 2022

April

April 25, 2022

April 22, 2022

April 9, 2022

April 16, 2022

May

May 25, 2022

May 11, 2022

May 9, 2022

VESAK! Eclipse! May 16 2022

June

June 23 2022

June 9, 2022

June 7, 2022

June 14, 2022

July

July 23, 2022

July 9, 2022

July 7, 2022

July 13, 2022

August

August 21, 2022

August 7, 2022

August 7, 2022

August 12, 2022

September

September 20, 2022

September 5, 2022

September 4, 2022

September 10, 2022

October

October 20, 2022

October 5, 2022

October 3, 2022

October 9, 2022

November

November 18, 2022

November 3, 2022

November 1, 2022

November 8, 2022

December

December 18, 2022

LAMA TSONGKHAPA DAY!

December 3, 2022

December 1, 2022

December 7, 2022

 

BuddhaWeekly offerings 69205245 1500 3

 

Mahayana Special Days on Western Calendar 2022

In addition to the special “meritorious” days for practice, there are annual celebration days, such as the Buddha Days. Some days may vary with the region. For example, the celebration of Lord Buddha’s Birth, Death and Enlightenment, typically celebrate don the 15th day of the 4th lunar day may be observed (in some cases as a national holiday) on other dates in some countries. We’ll break these down by category, rather than by consecutive calendar date, to make it easier to find by recurring event:

Buddha Days Converted to Western Calendar

  • March 3-18: Days of Miracles
  • May 16: Lord Buddha’s birth, enlightenment and parinirvana
  • Aug 1: Lord Buddha’s first teaching
  • Nov 15: Lord Buddha’s descent from God Realm of Thirty-three
Buddha Weekly Buddha Descent from Tushita Heaven Buddhism

Buddha descends from Tushita heaven, one of the Eight Great Deeds of the Buddha — celebrated on Lhabab Duchen.

New Year and the Miracles

This year, 2022, Losar (Lunar New Year) falls on March 3. This day is also the first day of the 15 Days of Buddha’s Miracles.

2022 is the YEAR OF THE WATER TIGER— 2149 on the Tibetan Calendar.

Lunar and Solar Eclipses

This year there are four eclipses, two lunar and two solar, considered auspicious for practice:

  • Lunar Eclipses: May 16 and November 8
  • Solar Eclipses: April 30 and October 25

Buddha Weekly New Year Celebrating the New Year in Thailand with fireworks at Wat Chai Watthanaram Buddhist temple Thailand Buddhism

New Year Celebrating the New Year in Thailand with fireworks at Wat Chai Watthanaram Buddhist temple Thailand.

 

Annual Anniversary Days

  • January 1: Dudjom Rinpoche
  • February 12: Lama Thubten Yeshe
  • February 26: Milarepa
  • June 20: Guru Rinpoche (annual, not to be confused with the monthly celebration)
  • July 4: Venerable Zasep Rinpoche
  • July 6: His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s 86th birthday
  • July 24: Gampopa
  • September 7: His Holiness the Sakya Trichen’s 76th birthday
  • October 14: Sixteenth Karmapa
  • December 29: Lama Tsong Khapa

 

Buddha Weekly Full moon and Naga on a Buddhist Temple Buddhism

Full moon against the roof of a Buddhist Temple featuring a Naga decoration.

 

Full Moon Days 2021

  • January 17
  • February 16
  • March 18
  • April 16
  • May 16
  • June 14
  • July 13
  • August 12
  • September 10
  • October 9
  • November 8
  • December 7

Buddha Weekly Religious procession during Phi Mai Lao New Year celebrations in Luang Prabang Laos Buddhism

New Year’s procession during Phi Mai Lao New Year celebrations in Luang Prabang Laos.

New Moon Days 2021 (Tara Puja Day!)

  • January 10
  • February 8
  • March 10
  • April 9
  • May 9
  • June 7
  • July 7
  • August 5
  • September 4
  • October 3
  • November 1
  • December 1
Buddha Weekly Medicine Buddha Sutra in lotus position with healing plants Buddhism

Medicine Buddha.

Medicine Buddha Puja 2021

  • January 17
  • February 16
  • March 18
  • April 16
  • May 16
  • June 14
  • July 13
  • August 12
  • September 10
  • October 9
  • November 8
  • December 7
Buddha Weekly Chittamani Tara feature horizontal Buddhism

Chittamani Tara is similar in appearance to Green Tara — in fact she is Green Tara — although she is visualized with two lush blooming Uptala flowers over each shoulder. (Uptala is “night lotus) and blue.

Tara Puja Days 2021

    • January 10
    • February 8
    • March 10
    • April 9
    • May 9
    • June 7
    • July 7
    • August 5
    • September 4
    • October 3
    • November 1
    • December 1
Buddha Weekly Buddha Weekly Losar food Buddhism Buddhism

Traditionally, altars with offerings for the Enlightened Ones should be laden and generous.

Tsog Offering

For a breakdown by Daka Tsog and Dakini Tsog see chart above.

  • January 12, 27
  • February 11, 26
  • March 12, 27
  • April 11, 25
  • May 11, 25
  • June 9, 23
  • July 9, 23
  • August 7, 21
  • September 5, 20
  • October 5, 20
  • November 3, 18
  • December 3, 18

tibetan butter lamp wrap 205314651 tiled

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Lee Kane

Author | Buddha Weekly

Lee Kane is the editor of Buddha Weekly, since 2007. His main focuses as a writer are mindfulness techniques, meditation, Dharma and Sutra commentaries, Buddhist practices, international perspectives and traditions, Vajrayana, Mahayana, Zen. He also covers various events.
Lee also contributes as a writer to various other online magazines and blogs.

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