What the teachers say about restarting your Buddhist practice: overcoming obstacles, bringing back the enthusiasm, re-establishing faith and commitments
Video mantra chanting: Lama Tsongkhapa’s Migtsema wonderfully chanted by Yoko Dharma. Benefits: healing, compassion, metta, wisdom
Video teaching: Metta and Karuna, the “most important” Buddhist practices of Love and Compassion, from H.E. Zasep Tulku Rinpoche with Lama Tsongkhapa Migtsema mantra chanted by Yoko Dharma
Sacred outlook – Seeing beyond ordinary perception in modern culture, and American Buddhism
Why is pride a poison, and when can pride of accomplishment be considered a good thing? With full Ambattha Sutta “Pride of Birth and its Fall.”
Vajrasattva, the Great Purifyer, among the most powerful and profound healing and purifications techniques in Vajrayana Buddhism
Family lay Buddhism: What the Teachers Say about keeping motivated in your Buddhist Practice as parents — and coping with every-day family life in a modern stressful world
Reconnecting with nature to reboot our “spiritual self” activates a feeling of self-transcendence
Video: Buddhist Teachings on Ngondro, The Foundation Practices with Venerable Zasep Rinpoche
Kucchivikara-vattha: The Monk with Dysentery (Sutra teachings) “If you don’t tend to one another, who then will tend to you?”
“Putting Compassion on the Scientific Map”: Compassion Boosts Happiness/Health; and Research Indicates That Practicing Buddhists Are Happier than Average.
Video with wonderful mantra chanting: Om Gate Gate Paragate Para Samgate Bodhi Soha, the essence of Heart Sutra and Emptiness
Music Mantra Video: Taking Refuge in Buddha, Dharma and Sangha and the Four Immeasurables wonderfully sung by Yoko Dharma with video visualizations
Broken Commitments: 3 Teachers weigh in on practice “overload” and breaking Vajrayana practice promises. What do we do about it?
Dalai Lama and Lama Tsongkhapa: teachings on calm abiding meditation that go beyond “the breath” as the focus — targeting the main affliction
Music Mantra Video: Om Mani Padme Hum wonderfully chanted by Yoko Dharma, the sacred sound of compassionate Buddha Chenrezig
Tara Book excerpt and teaching: Who is Tara and how can She help us? An introduction to Tara, Karma, Shunyata, Dependent Arising, and Buddha Nature by Venerable Zasep Tulku Rinpoche
What’s with all this consort union in Tantric Buddhism? No, it’s not about sexual fantasies. The psychology of Yab-Yum consorts, union of wisdom and compassion
Video: “How do I deal with my anger? Sometimes it consumes me and hurts others”: a Buddhist student asks teacher Ven. Zasep Tulku Rinpoche
Video: “Experience Buddhism” with Namdrol Rinpoche “Buddhism emphasizes, and lays its very foundations on, equanimity.”
Lama Zopa Rinpoche and other teachers recommend Kṣitigarbha mantra and practice for times of disaster, especially hurricane and earthquake, because of the great Bodhisattva’s vow
Medicine Buddha healing mantras chanted by the amazing Yoko Dharma
Why 35 Confessional Buddhas practice and “The Bodhisattva’s Confession of Moral Downfalls” is a critical purifying practice for Buddhists
What the Dalai Lama and Patch Adams Have in Common: Laughter, and Compassion, the Best Medicine
“Preliminary practices… clear and enrich our minds, allowing practice to progress smoothly” — Thubten Chodron. Why Ngondro is a lifetime practice, and a “complete path”
Tantra Helps “Stop Ordinary Perception”, and is the Fast Path to Enlightenment. But How Do Modern Buddhists Relate to Deities?
Painter and digital Thangka artist Jampay Dorje aims to bring “Thangka painting into a modern era” with spectacular art, lessons for students, and a life-long project to illustrate all of the 11 Yogas of Naropa
Buddha teaches us to view every meal as if we were reluctant cannibals: Samyukta Agama Sutra 373, the Four Nutriments
Letting Go — letting go of past, letting go of future, letting go is the hardest thing to do: Na Tumhaka Sutta
Becoming Gesar, the fearless Buddhist: How to overcome fear in uncertain times, according to Pali Sutta, Mahayana Sutra and Tantra
The Hand of Buddha defeats the three poisons : Vajrapani (literally, “Vajra Hand”) — Guardian of Shakyamuni Himself; Vajrapani, the power of the mind to overcome obstacles such as pride, anger, hate and jealousy
Tonglen video: Why giving and taking practice is an important kindness meditation and Bodhichitta practice; how to do it: taught by Zasep Rinpoche
Understanding Dependent Co-Arising is critical to Buddhist practice: The Great Causes Discourse Maha-nidana Sutta
Pali Sutta for Our Age: Old Path White Clouds: Walking in the Footsteps of the Buddha by Thich Nhat Hanh, a Book Review of a Classic
The bridge between science and Buddhism, atoms and no atoms, theism and athiesm; Yidam deity meditation and the Cognitive Science of Tantra
“Every one has Buddha Nature.” A teaching video: Venerable Zasep Rinpoche with mantra chanting by Yoko Dharma
Vajrayana Visualization can Generate Body Heat, Heal, and Manifest Deity Qualities Helping Overcome Ego

Vajrayana Visualization can Generate Body Heat, Heal, and Manifest Deity Qualities Helping Overcome Ego

One of the most intriguing demonstrations of the power of Vajrayana visualization is Tummo. By visualizing heat in the tummo centre, an expert practitioner can actually meditate for hours on an icy winter day — without clothing or discomfort. In a different demonstration of the transformative power of Vajrayana meditation, various peer-reviewed clinical trials have shown that meditation practices, such as visualization, have specific healing properties. (Full story here>> ) In particular, Vajrayana deity visualizations have been shown to improve cognitive abilities and help with treatment in Alzheimers. (Full story here>>)

Aside from healing, or generating body heat, what is the real purpose of visualizing deities in advanced Vajrayana practice? Why does Vajrayana visualization almost always imagine deity images? And, why are there so many deities in Vajrayana Buddhism — some of whom are so ferocious they would send demons running for cover? Are these real beings or symbolic? If the ultimate realization of “reality” is Emptiness, why visualize forms at all? What makes Vajrayana so effective in transforming the mind?


Avalokiteshvara the great Buddha of compassion is visualized with a thousand caring arms.


Deities in Many Forms — More Than Just Symbols

A thousand arms of caring — instantly a Mahayana Buddhist thinks of Avalokiteshvara. A loving mother, who would sacrifice all for the safety of her children — brings to mind Tara, with her one leg poised to spring into action.  The pure white light of purity and cleansing — immediately invokes images of Vajrasattva. Then, there are the ferocious faces of Enlightenment, most recognizable in the terrifying fanged-face of Mahakala — who is none other than Avalokiteshvara in his wrathful form.


Why does visualization of Tara, or the self as Tara, bring comfort and a feeling of safety?


Those who only see the outer form, might jump to the conclusion that Vajrayana Buddhists are superstitious. In fact, Vajrayana practices are powerful for helping us overcome “our self centered thoughts and habitual storylines.” [3] In other words, potentially, visualization engages the mind fully in change. Either change in the form of healing, or change in the form of perception — which is a key purpose of deity practice.

The Power of Visualization to Heal

Care Givers for many chronic illnesses know the power of visualization meditation.  A patient with cancer might be provided with guided visualization meditations — visualizing the cells of their own body attacking and destroying the cancerous cells.


Visualizing healing light can actually be transformative. Clinical studies have shown 10 key benefits to meditation. Vajrayana meditation in particular is associated with help with Cognitive issues.


Famously, David Seidler, who won an oscar in 2011 for his screenplay “The King’s Speech”, a play about King George VI who had cancer, recovered from his own cancer through the power of “imagination.” As reported in CNN Health: “Seidler, 73, suffered from cancer, just like the king did. But unlike his majesty, Seidler survived the cancer, and he says he did so because he used the same vivid imagination he employed to write his award-winning script. Seidler says he visualized his cancer away.” [4]

“The mind has the power to heal,” explains Christiane Northrup, a best selling author.  The mind also has the power to overcome pain and create the conditions for success. Explains Dr. Bernie Siegel, author of Love, Medicine and Mircles: “When an athlete visualizes success, their body really is experiencing success. When you imagine something, your body really feels like it’s happening.”

Likewise, Vajrayana practitioners, who practice Tummo, can be seen comfortably meditating outdoors without clothes in the winter — using the power of mind to control body heat. For centuries, Vajrayana practitioners have understood the power of visualization, not just to heal, but to transform our own minds.

A modern-day demonstration of Tummo. In real-time, this practitioner seems comfortable with no clothes in winter for the 20 minute video:

Symbols — the Language of the Mind

Teacher Stephen Batchelor explains: “In contrast to the approaches of conventional religion, Tantra does not attempt to soothe the turmoil of existence with consoling promises of heaven or salvation. The Trantric practitioner chooses to confront the bewildering and chaotic forces of fear, aggression, desire and pride, and to work with them in such a way that they are channeled into creative expression, loving relationships, and wisely engaged forms of life.” [1]

Rob Preece, author of The Psychology of Buddhist Tantra lecture:



By definition, “when we enter the world of Tantra, we may need to loosen some of our preconceptions about the nature of reality,” wrote Rob Preece, in The Psychology of Buddhist Tantra.   “We begin to inhabit a twilight world where the distinctions between the material and symbolic are less defined…” [2]

Stephen Batchelor puts it this way: “Tantra evokes a sense of the dark, esoteric underbelly of Eastern religion … mysterious rituals undertaken at night by initiates, terrifying gods and goddesses, as well as breathtakingly beautiful mandalas and deeply moving chants intoned by brocade-draped Tibetan monks to the syncopated rhythms of bells and drums.” [1]


Stephen Batchelor


Esoteric or Clearly Articulated Practice?

Often we see Vajrayana characterized as esoteric and mysterious. Or superstition — among those who don’t follow the profound logic of visualized meditation. On one hand, there is nothing hidden or mysterious about a meditation method that clearly articulates its methods in precise and detailed sadhanas. The mystery is not as much in the method, as in the ultimate goal of that method. On the other, most of the instructions for practice are passed on from teacher to student through initiation and teaching — making it less accessible, and therefore esoteric, from that point of view. This isn’t designed to keep it mysterious, but to protect the student from jumping to wrong views.

Profound Goal of Vajrayana: Eliminate the Grasping of “Self”

One of the profound goals of Vajrayana visualization is to break down our mind’s stubborn clinging to the notion of “self and other.” By visualizing mind-realms as Pure Lands, apparently as real as our own “perceived” world, we gradually let go the grasping at our incorrect notions of reality. From the point of view of “I” and “other” even a visualized deity has reality. In fact, during “generation stage” visualization practices, the Vajrayana student repeatedly transforms him/herself into the deity, complete with “divine pride.” Then, we demolish that notion, by dissolving our new deity-body to Emptiness. Then, we rebuild the visualization of self as Deity once more. Over and over again.

Then, are we saying the deities are not real, but a skillful method designed to overcome the mind’s stubborn habits of incorrect perception? That they are no more than imagination? The answer is emphatically no.

Deity as “Real”?

“When we refer to the wisdom deities as symbolic, we don’t mean they are mere symbols,” explained Eric Holm in his article, “You are Avalokiteshvara.” [3] So, does that mean the Deity is real, or not real? Depending on your stage of practice, we might realize that the deity we are visualizing is just as real as we are — which is to say we are both ultimately Empty. Empty does not equate to nothingness, and is a profound concept that takes lifetimes to really comprehend (beyond simple intellectual understanding).

So, on one hand Tara is just as real as we are, ready to jump to our aid, an emanation of our mind ready to help us. On the other, at the ultimate level She is no more real than we are. She manifests an image and ego to relate to us. Once we develop realizations of Emptiness, we no longer need Her protection — we understand there can be no fear when we are empty of the clinging to Ego.

BuddhaNature: Deities Help Us See Ourselves

Vajrasattva’s purifying light.

Another way in which we can understand the deity is as a way of expressing our own innate Buddha Nature. Shakyamuni Buddha taught that we all have Buddha Nature, every being without exception. We see it expressed in acts of compassion, and we recognize it in our meditations with glimpses of deeper wisdom. If we can remove the obstacles to practice, such as clinging to ego, anger, impatience, then we can glimpse our Buddha Nature.

The deities help us remove those obstacles. Vajrasattva helps us to visualize ourselves as pure. Tara helps us remove fear, which results from ego-clinging. Avalokiteshvara teaches us compassion. In these ways, they are very real manifestations of our mind, and very potent aid in our practice. Why, then, do these deities manifest in many forms? Because, the language of the mind is image. A thousand arms reaching out to comfort us connotes compassion.

In what ways can deities help us realize our true Buddha Nature? Eric Holm, in a feature in Lion’s Roar, put it this way: “Increased openness to ourselves and to the world comes from letting go again and again of self-centered thoughts and habitual storylines.” [3]

Even Mindfulness Meditation Works with Images


Even with “mindfulness” practices (common to all forms of Buddhism) we are taught to be the “observer” (not the “listener” or the “reader.”) One reason Vajrayana Buddhism is considered an advanced practice requiring teacher guidance, is — that, besides its level of difficulty — it emphasizes powerful visualization practices of deities and their mandalas. Such intense visualization fully engages all three of body, speech and mind in a process of transformation. Prayer or sutra recitation works primarily with speech. Mudras work mostly with body. Vajrayana practices work with all three.

It may seem contradictory, that in pursuit of Emptiness, we create (visualize) fully populated pure lands. In fact, these visualized mandalas and deities, like mindfulness, help us, at least in part, to overcome the habituation of the mind.



[1] Stephen Batchelor, in forward to The Psychology of Buddhist Tantra, Rob Preece, Snow Lion Publications

[2] The Psychology of Buddhist Tantra, Rob Preece, Snow Lion Publications

[3] You Are Avalokiteshvara, Eric Holm, Jan 1, 2002, Lion’s Roar

[4] “Can you imagine cancer away?” Elizabeth Cohen, CNN

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