The Emptiness of Prayer—Who Do We Pray To? “You and the Buddha are not separate realities.” — Thich Nhat Hanh

“A prostration based on the perception that Buddha has a separate self from your own, and that you have a self separate from the Buddha, can only be called superstition,” wrote Thich Nhat Hanh, one of the world’s most noted teachers.

The teacher explained that when you bow to or pray to an image of the Buddha, the World-Honored One “or any image of whomever you pray to” you have to visualize because the Dharma object, statue—regardless of precious material or size—is nothing more than a symbol.

Buddha Weekly Thich Nhat Hanh smiling hands clasped Buddhism

The most Venerable Thich Nhat Hanh.

“The one who bows and the one who is bowed to are both, by nature, empty,” which is a one-line prayer widely used by Buddhists around the world.

The power of emptiness

Whether one thinks of both the Buddha and the self as Empty—a confusing subject to some—another way to understand the power and emptiness of prayer is to understand that “we are not a separate reality” from the Buddha. If you struggle with the concept of Emptiness, as many do, it’s easier to understand the concepts of “collective consciousness”—as taught both in Buddhism and as expressed by noted psychologist Carl Jung.

Buddha Weekly Meditate as deity Buddhism

“You and the Buddha are not separate realities. You are in the Buddha and the Buddha is in you.”

“You and the Buddha are not separate realities. You are in the Buddha and the Buddha is in you.” Thich Nhat Hanh


The energy of mindfulness

The energy of mindfulness is a very real energy and “when we create the energy of mindfulness, we are able to pray.” There is no need for complex ritual or formula or a trip to a temple to connect with the Buddha. Buddha is omniscient, and is already plugged in to your mind, because your mind is part of Mind. The Buddha is in you, not without you. Prayers are empowered simply by thought.

Prayer is also empowered by other things, but most especially compassion. This is why Sangha prayers for a sick person can be very effective. In the same way Buddha is in us, Buddha is in the person who is sick. Compassion empowers the energy of thought and connects us instantly to the person who is sick.


Buddha Weekly 1Monksinatemple

Monks praying in a temple. The word prayer isn’t truly the correct English word, but for many of us it is easy to think in these terms. When Buddhists “pray” who are we praying to? Sogyal RInpoche teaches “We think of Buddha as not being outside self, but within.” From one point of view, even when we prostrate or pray to a “statue” we are connecting, ultimately, to our own Buddha Nature. Both the statue, and ourselves, can be understood to be empty, making the topic of prayer in Buddhism a difficult concept.


When our prayers are loving and full of love and compassion, we are creating more love in the world. Thich Nhat Hanh teaches that it doesn’t matter if the person who is sick knows they are being sent healing prayers. “When love and compassion are present in us, and we send them outward, then that is truly prayer.”


Buddha Weekly 2Screen Shot 2012 11 04 at 10.38.15 AM

Monks chanting at a temple. Prayers such as the Seven Limb Prayer or countless others are recited daily by countless millions of Buddhists.


Two elements of effective prayer

The foundation of prayer is to use an effective method of communicating between ourselves and the Buddha or Bodhisattva. When we meditate on our intention, Thich Nhat Hanh wrote in his popular book The Energy of Prayer, this “communication is realized straight away and we are linked.” This is because the Buddha is not separate from the self.


Buddha Weekly 0Monks praying blessing Buddhism Buddha Chanting emptiness of prayer

Buddha Weekly tackles the difficult question “Who do we pray to?” when we pray. In fact, are we praying at all? Sogyal Rinpoche said, “Buddhism denies the concept of God, but not the nature of God.” He goes on to explain that we all have Buddha Nature (video above.)


The empowerment of the prayer comes from compassion, concentration and mindfulness. Mindfulness is being in the present moment. If this is lacking, prayer is not possible. “If you are not present, who is praying?” writes Thich Nhat Hanh. With mindfulness comes concentration, which in turn is the path to parjna, or insight.

The Seven Limbed Prayer

Buddha Weekly Buddha nature like the sun emerging from the clouds Buddhism

The Seven Limbed Prayer, contains within it, the entire essence of the complete Buddhist path in some traditions. Many Buddhists make it a practice to speak this enlightening prayer every day, morning and night. Simplified seven line prayers are often chanted throughout the day. In special practices, more elaborate seven-limbed prayers are often thought of. The practice is beautiful, enlightening, and ultimately, complete.

Each line (or stanza in the case of the more elaborate versions) speaks to the seven practices on the path:

  1. Prostration (overcomes pride)
  2. Offering (overcomes attachment)
  3. Confession (overcoming our negative karma)
  4. Rejoicing (transforms jealousy)
  5. Requesting the Teachings (creating the receptive state of mind)
  6. Beseeching the Teachers Not to Go Away (the importance of teachers)
  7. Dedication: the most important step. We dedicate the merit to all beings, developing our bodhichitta

Simplified Seven Limb Prayer

I prostrate in faith with body, speech and mind

I make each and every offering, both actually performed and mentally transformed

I declare every non-virtuous act since beginningless time

I rejoice in the virtues of all Holy and ordinary beings

Please, Teacher, remain as our guide through Samsara

Please turn the wheel of Dharma for all sentient beings

I dedicate my own virtues and those of others to cultivate Enlightenment.


Shantideva’s Seven-Limb Prayer



Shantideva offered a beautiful and more elaborate Seven-Limbed Prayer:

take safe direction, till my purified state,
From the Buddhas, the Dharma, and the Highest Assembly.
By the positive force of my giving and so on,
May I actualize Buddhahood to help those who wander.

May the surface of the land in every direction
Be pure, without even a pebble,
As smooth as the palm of a child’s hand,
Naturally polished, as is a beryl gem.

May divine and human objects of offering,
Actually arrayed and those envisioned
As peerless clouds of Samantabhadra offerings,
Completely fill the sphere of space.

(1) I prostrate to all you Buddhas who have graced
the three times,
To the Dharma and to the Highest Assembly,
Bowing down with bodies as numerous
As all the atoms of the world.

(2) Just as Manjushri and others
Have made offerings to you, the Triumphant,
So do I, too, make offerings to you, my Thusly Gone Guardians,
And to your spiritual offspring.

(3) Throughout my beginningless samsaric existence,
In this and other lives,
I ‘ve unwittingly committed negative acts,
Or caused others to commit them, and further,
Oppressed by the confusion of naivety.
I ‘ve rejoiced in them – whatever I’ve done,
I see them as mistakes and openly declare them
To you, my Guardians, from the depths of my heart.

(4) With pleasure, I rejoice in the ocean of positive force
From your having developed bodhichitta aims
To bring every limited being joy
And in your deeds that have aided limited beings.

(5) With palms pressed together, I beseech
You Buddhas of all directions:
Please shine Dharma’s lamp for limited beings
Suffering and groping in darkness.

(6) With palms pressed together, I beseech
You Triumphant who would pass beyond sorrow:
I beg you, remain for countless eons
So as not to leave in their blindness these wandering beings.

(7) By whatever positive force I’ve built up
Through all of these that I’ve done like that,
May I remove every suffering
Of all limited beings.

By directing and offering to the Buddha-fields
This base, anointed with fragrant waters, strewn with flowers,
And decked with Mount Meru, four islands, a sun, and a moon,
May all those who wander be led to pure lands.
Om idam guru ratna mandala-kam nir-yatayami.
I send forth this mandala to you precious gurus.


Seven Limb Prayer to Tara

Seven-Limb Prayers are often in sadhanas to devotional deities or meditational yidams and practiced daily by devout followers. An Example of a Prayer in Buddhism, the Seven-Limb Prayer (in English):

Chittamani Tara with gold foil

Chittamani Tara, distinguished by her two blue uptala flowers.


Reverently I prostrate to the venerable Arya Tara
And all the conquering Buddhas
And their sons who reside in the ten directions
Throughout the past, present and future.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

I offer flowers, incense and butter lamps,
Perfume, food, music and the like
Both those actually arranged here and those mentally
Please accept them, assembly of Arya Taras.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

I declare all that I have done,
From beginningless time until now,
With my mind being under the sway of delusion:
The ten non-virtuous and the five heinous crimes
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

I rejoice in whatever virtuous merit
Has been accumulated throughout the three times
By hearers, solitary realisers,
Bodhisattvas and ordinary beings.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

I request you to turn the wheel of Dharma –
The great, small and common vehicles
In accordance with the intentions of all sentient
And suited to their individual minds.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

I beseech you to remain until samsara ends
And not pass away to the state beyond sorrow
Please, with your boundless compassion, look
Upon all beings drowning in the ocean of suffering.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

May whatever merit I have accumulated
Be totally transformed into the cause of enlightenment
And may I become, without a long passage of time,
The glorious deliverer benefiting all migrating beings.
Om Tare Tuttare Ture Svaha!

Please support the "Spread the Dharma" mission as one of our heroic Dharma Supporting Members, or with a one-time donation.

Learn more>>

Buddhist Features by Topic

Latest Features

Dharma by Email


Please support the "Spread the Dharma" mission as one of our heroic Dharma Supporting Members, or with a one-time donation.

Learn more>>

Latest Videos

Please support the "Spread the Dharma" mission as one of our heroic Dharma Supporting Members, or with a one-time donation.

Learn more>>

Latest Podcasts

Please support the "Spread the Dharma" mission as one of our heroic Dharma Supporting Members, or with a one-time donation.

Learn more>>

Please Help Support the “Spread the Dharma” Mission!

Be a part of the noble mission as a supporting member or a patron, or a volunteer contributor of content.

The power of Dharma to help sentient beings, in part, lies in ensuring access to Buddha’s precious Dharma — the mission of Buddha Weekly. We can’t do it without you!

A non-profit association since 2007, Buddha Weekly published many feature articles, videos, and,  podcasts. Please consider supporting the mission to preserve and “Spread the Dharma." Your support as either a patron or a supporting member helps defray the high costs of producing quality Dharma content. Thank you! Learn more here, or become one of our super karma heroes on Patreon.

Other Popular Stories


Lee Kane

Author | Buddha Weekly

Lee Kane is the editor of Buddha Weekly, since 2007. His main focuses as a writer are mindfulness techniques, meditation, Dharma and Sutra commentaries, Buddhist practices, international perspectives and traditions, Vajrayana, Mahayana, Zen. He also covers various events.
Lee also contributes as a writer to various other online magazines and blogs.

Invalid Email


  1. Avatar Mark David Vinzens on May 8, 2021 at 10:57 pm

    All is One. We pray to the One Infinite Being.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.