In Buddhas Words: “The person who clings to nothing of the past, present and future…” #InBuddhasWords

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    “The person who clings to nothing of the past, present and future, who has no attachment and holds on to nothing — that person, I call a Holy Person.”  — The Buddha

    Cited from Dhammapada 421

    As with all Dhammapada quotes, this is a very tight and rich “soundbite” with many nuances of meaning. Concepts of “mindfulness”, attachment and emptiness are all contained in this single line. For fuller context, the quote is wrapped by several illustrations of a “Holy Person.”

    A note on translation

    Although this is a verified “quote” it is translated from Pali. In this case, pronouns are awkward in translation, so “He” and “His and  “She” and “Hers” are usually translated as He or “the person.” I most translations, this would read as “He who clings to nothing of the past, present and future…” where “he is generic in the same way we use the word “mankind” to mean all people. In the contextual example below, we left the more common translation “he” for simplicity of language.

     

    Buddha Weekly In Buddhas Words Dharmapada 421 The Holy Person Buddhism
    “The person who clings to nothing of the past, present and future, who has no attachment and holds on to nothing — that person, I call a Holy Person.” — The Buddha, Dhammapada 421

     

    Full context — The Holy Person

    The above verse, Dammapada 421, was wrapped with other definitions of a “Holy Man”, found in the 26th section or chapter called Brahmanavagga, or “The Holy Man” or “The Holy Person.”

    He begins by explaining what is “not” an Holy Man (below in Pali followed by English translation):

    393. Na jaṭāhi na gottena na jaccā hoti brāhmaṇo,

    yamhi saccañ ca dhammo ca so sucī so ca brāhmaṇo.

    393. Not by matted hair, nor by lineage, nor by birth does one become a holy man.

    But he in whom truth and righteousness exist—he is pure, he is a holy man.

    Most of the verses are examples, though of what is a truly Holy Person:

    391. Yassa kāyena vācāya manasā natthi dukkaṭaṃ

    saṃvutaṃ tīhi ṭhānehi tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    391. He who does no evil in deed, word, and thought, who is restrained in these three ways—him do I call a holy man.

    397. Sabbasaññojanaṃ chetvā yo ve na paritassati,

    saṅgātigaṃ visaṃyuttaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    397. He who, having cut off all fetters, trembles no more,

    who has overcome all attachments and is emancipated—him do I call a holy man.

    398. Chetvā naddhiṃ varattañ ca sandāmaṃ sahanukkamaṃ,

    ukkhittapaḷighaṃ buddhaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    398. He who has cut off the thong (of hatred), the band (of craving),

    and the rope (of false views), together with the appurtenances (latent evil tendencies),

    he who has removed the crossbar (ignorance) and is enlightened—him do I call a holy man.

    399. Akkosaṃ vadhabandhañ ca aduṭṭho yo titikkhati,

    khantībalaṃ balānīkaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    399. He who without resentment endures abuse, beating, and punishment, whose

    power, real might, is patience—him do I call a holy man.

    400. Akkodhanaṃ vatavantaṃ sīlavantaṃ anussutaṃ

    dantaṃ antimasārīraṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    400. He who is free from anger, devout, virtuous, without craving,

    self-subdued, bearing his final body—him do I call a holy man.

    401. Vāri pokkharapatte va āragge-r-iva sāsapo,

    yo na limpati kāmesu tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    401. Like water on a lotus leaf or a mustard seed on the point of a needle,

    he who does not cling to sensual pleasures—him do I call a holy man.

    402. Yo dukkhassa pajānāti idh’eva khayam attano,

    pannabhāraṃ visaṃyuttaṃ tam ahaṃ brūmi brāhmaṇaṃ.

    402. He who in this very life realizes for himself the end of suffering,

    who has laid aside the burden and become emancipated—him do I call a holy man.

     

     

    NOTES

    [1] Buddharakkhita, Acharya. The Dhammapada: The Buddha’s Path of Wisdom (p. 118). Pariyatti Publishing. Kindle Edition.

     

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    Lee Kane

    Author | Buddha Weekly

    Lee Kane is the editor of Buddha Weekly, since 2007. His main focuses as a writer are mindfulness techniques, meditation, Dharma and Sutra commentaries, Buddhist practices, international perspectives and traditions, Vajrayana, Mahayana, Zen. He also covers various events.
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